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Clupeidae
This family is represented in African waters by 20 genera and 38 species of which 2 species occur in Lake Tanganyika.

Photo 1: Lateral view of the 2 clupeid species in Lake Tanganyika, Limnothrissa miodon (top specimen) and Stolothrissa tanganicae (bottom specimen) (JPEG, 125 kB)

Picture by Pekka Kotilainen

- Limnothrissa miodon (Boulenger, 1906):
   common name: Lake Tanganyika sardine;
   distribution: Lake Tanganyika, introduced in several other lakes (Kivu, 1958-60; Cahora Bassa; Kariba, 1967-68; Itezhi-tezhi);
   maximum size: 17 cm SL, seldom exceeds 10 cm in catches (seldom more than 7 cm in L. Kariba);
   habitat: lacustrine, forming large shoals; move to shallow water when breeding, migrating into deeper water as they grow;
   fishing gear: liftnet, purse seine, dipnet, lamparo net, gillnet;
   feeding type: selective plankton feeder;
   local names: lumpu (Burundi), dagaa, lumbu (Tanzania, Zaïre), kapenta, lumbo, nsembe, chisamba (Zambia);
   other species belonging to the same genus: Limnothrissa stappersii (Poll, 1948) from Lake Moero and the Zambian Zaïre basin.


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Fig. 2: Dorsal view of the heads of the 2 clupeid species in Lake Tanganyika, Limnothrissa miodon (left specimen) and Stolothrissa tanganicae (right specimen) (JPEG, 103 kB)
  

Picture by Pekka Kotilainen


- Stolothrissa tanganicae Regan, 1917:
   common name: Lake Tanganyika sprat;
   distribution: Lake Tanganyika (endemic);
   maximum size: 10 cm SL;
   habitat: pelagic, lacustrine; forming very large shoals; spend daylight hours in deep water up to about    60 m, rising near to surface at night;
   fishing gear: liftnet, purse seine, dipnet, lamparo net;
   feeding type: variable (zooplankton, phytoplankton, plants, insects), but mainly plankton feeder;
   local names: ndagala (Burundi, Tanzania, Zaïre), kapenta, nsembe, chilwe (Zambia);
   other species belonging to the same genus: none.


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